Name: 
 

Jazz Ensemble Final Review



Multiple Choice
Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
 

 1. 

A BbMA7 chord contains which notes?
a.
Bb-D-F-Ab
c.
Bb-C-D-Eb
b.
Bb-D-F-A
d.
Bb-Db-F-Ab
 

 2. 

What chord is created by playing scale notes 1, 3, 5 and 7 of a major scale?
a.
Major 7th chord
c.
Chromatic chord
b.
Minor 7th chord
d.
Added 6th chord
 

 3. 

What chord is created by playing the scale notes 2, 4, 6, and 8 of a major scale?
a.
Major 7th chord
c.
Chromatic chord
b.
Minor 7th chord
d.
Added 6th chord
 

 4. 

A CMI7 chord contains which notes?
a.
C-E-G-B
c.
C-E-G-C
b.
C-Eb-G-Bb
d.
C-Eb-G-B
 

 5. 

Who composed ‘Now Is The Time’?
a.
Miles Davis
c.
Duke Ellington
b.
Billy Strayhorn
d.
Charlie Parker
 

 6. 

Who composed ‘Lady Bird’?
a.
Count Basie
c.
Sonnly Rollins
b.
Tadd Dameron
d.
Thad Jones
 

 7. 

What is the melody statement of the tune, usually played as the first and last chorus called?
a.
bridge
c.
head
b.
coda
d.
verse
 

 8. 

FIG. 1
mc008-1.jpg
Refer to FIG. 1. The syllables “ da du ba du ba da” refer to which measure
a.
one
c.
three
b.
two
d.
four
 

 9. 

Refer to FIG. 1. The syllables “ du DA DA DAH” refer to which measure?
a.
one
c.
four
b.
three
d.
five
 

 10. 

Refer to FIG. 1. The syllables “DAH dut du dut” refer to which measure?
a.
two
c.
four
b.
three
d.
five
 

 11. 

Identify the articulation used to perform the following::
mc011-1.jpg
a.
long accent
c.
tenuto
b.
staccato
d.
short accent
 

 12. 

Identify the articulation used to perform the following::
mc012-1.jpg
a.
long accent
c.
tenuto
b.
staccato
d.
short accent
 

 13. 

Identify the following scale:
mc013-1.jpg
a.
blues
c.
mixolydian
b.
dorian
d.
natural minor
 

 14. 

When playing in a swing style, it is helpful to mentally subdivide to which note value?
a.
eighth note
c.
quarter note
b.
eighth note triplet
d.
half note
 

 15. 

When playing in a swing style, what fraction of the beat does the first eighth note of a group receive?
a.
1/2
c.
2/3
b.
1/3
d.
1/4
 

 16. 

This type of song or piece  is performed at a relaxed tempo and in a soft, intimate, sentimental style.
a.
fast swing
c.
ballad
b.
funk
d.
blues
 

 17. 

This term refers to the first beat of a measure.
a.
downbeat
c.
back beat
b.
upbeat
d.
groove
 

 18. 

What are short melodic patterns; often used in improvisation?
a.
themes
c.
scales
b.
licks
d.
intervals
 

 19. 

This scale pattern is the equivalent of a natural minor scale with a raised 6th scale degree.
a.
dorian
c.
mixolydian
b.
lydian
d.
blues
 

 20. 

This type of scale is comprised of the following scale degrees: 1, b3, 4, b5, 5, b7, 8. It is often used for improvising over a blues progression.
a.
dorian
c.
mixolydian
b.
lydian
d.
blues
 

 21. 

Which term means to play with liberties?
a.
solo
c.
ad libitum
b.
soli
d.
accent
 

 22. 

This is a section where the groove is interrupted, usually for a soloist.
a.
coda
c.
break
b.
ending
d.
intro
 

 23. 

This style  is characterized by complex, interlocking syncopated rhythmic patterns at the 8th and 16th note levels.  It evolved out of mid 1960’s soul music.
a.
rock
c.
swing
b.
blues
d.
funk
 

 24. 

What is a complete musical thought or sentence?
a.
lick
c.
intro
b.
phrase
d.
rhythm
 

 25. 

What is a  short section of music (usually only 2-4 bars) that is repeated many times?
a.
coda
c.
vamp
b.
break
d.
ending
 

 26. 

Which scale pattern is the equivalent of a major scale with a lowered 7th scale degree?
a.
dorian
c.
mixolydian
b.
lydian
d.
blues
 

 27. 

Which of the following is a  groove that exaggerates the triplet feel of swing?
a.
rock
c.
blues
b.
funk
d.
shuffle
 

 28. 

What is the basic rhythmic and harmonic foundation upon which the rest of the tune is built?
a.
groove
c.
coda
b.
intro
d.
shuffle
 

 29. 

Which of the following is a famous jazz trombonist?
a.
J.J. Johnson
c.
Duke Ellington
b.
Charlie Parker
d.
Miles Davis
 

 30. 

What is the series of chords that makes up the harmonic foundation of a tune known as?
a.
improvisation
c.
progression
b.
ad libitum
d.
blues
 

 31. 

Which term refers to the climax section of a chart, usually towards the end?
a.
intro
c.
coda
b.
shout chorus
d.
break
 

 32. 

What is a short fill played by the drummer before a rhythmic figure played by the ensemble? It is also called a lead-in.
a.
coda
c.
set-up
b.
intro
d.
break
 

 33. 

Which type of chord is formed by the addition of the pitches of a third, a fifth, and a seventh above the root?
a.
triad
c.
seventh chord
b.
major
d.
diminished
 

 34. 

What is a series of chords that lead to the beginning of the next chorus?
a.
turnaround
c.
blues
b.
break
d.
coda
 

 35. 

What is the most common musical form in jazz, in its simplest form occurring with the I, IV, and V chords?
a.
lydian
c.
major
b.
12 bar blues
d.
minor
 

 36. 

Which of the following refers to a relaxed feel, but not dragging?
a.
push
c.
ad libitum
b.
laid back
d.
soli
 

 37. 

Which of the following is a famous jazz pianist and composer?
a.
J.J. Johnson
c.
Duke Ellington
b.
Charlie Parker
d.
Miles Davis
 

 38. 

Which of the following refers to a relaxed feel, but not dragging?
a.
soli
c.
laid back
b.
ad libitum
d.
push
 

 39. 

How many different notes does a penatonic scale have?
a.
6
c.
5
b.
4
d.
7
 

 40. 

Which degrees of a blues scale are ‘blue notes’?
a.
2, 4, 6
c.
1, 3, 4
b.
2, 5, 7
d.
2, 3, 5
 

 41. 

What chord is created by playing scale notes 1, 3, 5 and 7 of a major scale?
a.
Minor 7th chord
c.
Added 6th chord
b.
Major 7th chord
d.
Chromatic chord
 

 42. 

What is the most common musical form in jazz, in its simplest form occurring with the I, IV, and V chords?
a.
lydian
c.
12 bar blues
b.
minor
d.
major
 

 43. 

FIG. 1
mc043-1.jpgRefer to FIG. 1. The syllables “ da du ba du ba da” refer to which measure
a.
1
c.
3
b.
2
d.
4
 

 44. 

This scale pattern  is the equivalent of a natural minor scale with a raised 6th scale degree.
a.
lydian
c.
dorian
b.
blues
d.
mixolydian
 

 45. 

A tune universally accepted and played by many Jazz musicians. Many are tin pan alley and Broadway songs from the 30s, 40s and 50s. Others are strictly Jazz compositions. A professional Jazz musician is expected to know many, many of these..
a.
standard
c.
reel
b.
jig
d.
cadence
 

 46. 

Which of the following is a famous jazz saxophonist?
a.
J.J. Johnson
c.
Duke Ellington
b.
Charlie Parker
d.
Miles Davis
 

 47. 

Any member of a band or small group other than the leader.
a.
teammate
c.
buddy
b.
sideman
d.
cat
 

 48. 

One complete cycle of a tune, one time through from top to bottom is known as a 
a.
chorus
c.
repetition
b.
lead
d.
series
 

 49. 

The last chorus of a tune, when the head is played for the last time. On the stand the gesture of a raised clenched fist or a finger pointing to the head indicates that this chorus is coming up.
a.
out
c.
ending
b.
coda
d.
vamp
 

 50. 

Which of the following is a famous jazz trumpeter?
a.
J.J. Johnson
c.
Duke Ellington
b.
Charlie Parker
d.
Miles Davis
 

Other
 

 51. 

PERFORMANCE REQUIREMENT
Perform the head and blow over the changes of a jazz standard of your choice. You will need to go through the form a total of three times:
1. The melody
2. Improvise over the chords
3. The melody a final time

NOTE: If the piece you select has a bridge, you can improvise over the ‘A’ section and pick up the melody at the bridge thus satisfying requirements 2 and 3 above.

I will provide you with a “backing track” for your selected tune if you let me know by this Friday, May 12! If not, you will need to find it/create it on your own.

You will need to record your performance and provide it on a CD, flash drive, cassette, etc. or you may email and mp3 file.

Use the ideas, exercises, concepts, etc we have been discussiong and performing in class to help you (guide tones, chord tones, scale patterns, etc.)

It is due by the end of the class on the day of your final!
 



 
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